Which foods to eat and which to avoid in Dengue

The diet during the period of dengue fever should be based on the consumption of foods rich in sources of protein and iron, since these nutrients help prevent anemia and strengthen the immune system. Likewise, it is important to avoid some foods that can aggravate the disease such as pepper or red fruits, for example, because they increase the risk of bleeding because they contain salivates.

Maintaining a good nutritional state helps the body fight dengue, being important to eat several times a day in small portions, stay at rest and drink between 2 to 3 liters of water a day to keep the body hydrated.

 Indicated foods in dengue

The most suitable foods for those who suffer from dengue are mainly those rich in protein and iron, both are important nutrients to prevent anemia and increase the formation of platelets, since these blood cells whose concentration is decreased when you have dengue, being important to prevent the onset of bleeding.

For this reason, the foods rich in protein and iron that help fight dengue are low-fat red meat; white meats like chicken, turkey, and fish; dairy products and their derivatives; as well as other foods such as eggs, beans, chickpeas, lentils, beets, and cocoa powder.

Some studies indicate that the supplementation of Vitamin D could help the immune system to fight the disease, because it has an immunomodulatory effect; as well as the supplementation of Vitamin E, due to its antioxidant power that protects cells and improves the immune system, however, more studies are necessary to prove it.
What foods to avoid when you have dengue

Foods to avoid dengue are those that contain salicylates, a compound that is produced by some plants as part of their defense system against some microorganisms. As these compounds act in a similar way to aspirin, their consumption in excess could thin the blood and delay blood clotting, favoring the appearance of hemorrhages. These foods are:


Fruits: blackberries, blueberries, plums, peach, melon, banana, yellow lemon, tangerines, pineapple, guava, cherries, red and white grapes, pineapple, tamarind, oranges, green apples, kiwi and strawberries;

Vegetables: Asparagus, carrots, Spanish celery, white onion, eggplant, broccoli, tomato, green bean, peas, cucumber, pickle;

Dried fruits: raisins, prunes, dates, cranberry, or lingonberries;

Nuts: almonds, walnuts, pistachios, Brazil nuts, peanuts with skin;

Seasonings and Dressings: mint, cumin, chaat masala, garam masala, tomato paste, mustard, cloves, coriander, paprika, cinnamon or paprika powder, ginger, nutmeg, chili powder or red pepper, oregano, turmeric, thyme and fennel, white vinegar, wine vinegar, apple cider vinegar, herbal mix, garlic powder, curry powder;

Drinks: red wine, white wines, beer, teas, coffee, natural fruit juices (due to the concentration of salicylates);

Other foods: breakfast cereals that contain coconut, corn, fruits, nuts, olive and coconut oil, honey, and olives.


In addition to avoiding these foods, some medications are also contraindicated in cases of dengue, such as acetylsalicylic acid or ASA (Aspirin), for example. Learn more about dengue treatment.

The amounts included in the menu vary according to age, sex, physical activity and how the disease is, so the ideal is to go to a nutritionist for a complete evaluation and develop a nutritional plan appropriate to your needs.


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