Autism: Symptoms and characteristics

Autism is a syndrome that causes alterations in the communication capacity, social interaction and behavior of the child, which causes signs and symptoms such as speech difficulties, blocks in the way of expressing ideas and feelings, as well as unusual behaviors, such as who does not like to interact, suddenly flutters or repeats movements.

The signs of autism generally arise around the age of 2 to 3 years, a period in which the child has more interaction and communication with people and the environment. However, in some cases, it is already possible to observe some alert symptoms in babies such as the absence of facial expressions or the lack of reaction to sounds, or they can be observed in adolescents and adults through isolation, absence of eye contact or aggressiveness . Learn more about the symptoms of autism in infants and children.

It is important to remember that only some of these signs do not confirm autism, so it is important to consult a pediatrician or a child psychiatrist who will be able to make a more specific clinical evaluation.

In mild autism, the child has few symptoms that can often go unnoticed. See how to identify the first signs of mild autism.

In moderate and severe autism, the amount and intensity of symptoms are more visible. Symptoms that can occur in any autistic child include:

Difficulty in social interaction

    Do not look into the eyes or avoid doing it when a person talks to him, being very close;
    Inappropriate or meaningless laughter and laughter such as during a wake or during a wedding or christening, for example:
    He does not like affection and affection and for this reason he does not allow himself to be hugged and kissed;
    Difficulty relating to other children and for this reason he prefers to stay alone and not play with anyone;
    Always repeat the same things, always play with the same toys.

Difficulty communicating

    The child knows how to speak, but prefers not to speak at all and remains silent for hours, even if they ask him questions;
    The child refers to himself as if he were someone else;
    He repeats the question that has been asked several times in a row, regardless of disturbing the others;
    He always maintains the same expression on his face and does not understand gestures and facial expressions of others;
    He does not pay attention when he is called by name, as if he were not hearing anything, despite not being deaf and having no hearing problems;
   Look askance when you feel uncomfortable;
    When he speaks, communication is monotonous and with a pedantic tone.

Changes in behavior

    He is not afraid of dangerous situations like crossing a street without looking at cars, getting very close to seemingly dangerous animals like big dogs;
    It has strange games, giving different functions to the toys it has;
    It plays with a part of the toy such as the wheel of a stroller, and it can be maintained by constantly looking at it and moving it;
    She apparently has no pain and seems to like to hit herself or others on purpose;
    Direct another person's arm to pick up the object you want;
    Always look in the same direction as if you were stopped in time;
    Sway back and forth for several minutes or hours, or twist your hands or fingers constantly;
    Difficulty adjusting to a new routine, getting agitated, and being able to hurt or hurt others;
    Pass objects from one hand to another or have water fixation;
    Stay extremely agitated when in public or in noisy environments.

In the event that your child presents these symptoms, it is recommended that he be evaluated by a pediatrician or child psychiatrist, who will be able to carry out a more complete and thorough evaluation and confirm whether it is autism or any other disease or psychological condition:

Autism symptoms in adolescents and adults
Symptoms and characteristics that indicate Autism

Autism symptoms may be milder in adolescence and adulthood, because the signs went unnoticed during childhood, or because of improvement in treatment. It is common for the young autistic person to present signs such as:

    Absence of friends, or in cases where one has no regular or face-to-face contact. Generally, contact with people is limited to family circle, school or virtual relationships on the Internet;
    Avoid leaving home for day-to-day activities such as using public transport and services, leisure activities, always preferring solitary and sedentary activities;
    Many cannot have autonomy to work and develop a profession;
    They usually have symptoms of depression and anxiety;
    Difficulty of social interaction, and iz`nterest only in specific activities.

The possibility of having a normal and autonomous adult life varies according to the severity of the symptoms and the performance of adequate treatment. Family support is essential, especially in the most serious cases, in which the autistic person can depend on family members and the people who take care of them to attend to their social and financial needs.
How to deal with

Autism treatment varies from child to child because not everyone is affected in the same way. In general, it is necessary to resort to various health professionals such as a doctor, audiologist, physiotherapist, nutritionist and educational psychologist, family support being very important so that the exercises and recommendations are carried out daily, thus improving the child's abilities.

This treatment must be followed for life and must be reevaluated every 6 months so that it can be adapted to the needs of the family and the child.

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