Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse occurs when a person sexually caresses another without his consent or forces him to have sex with her using emotional means or physical assaults. During the act, the aggressor can introduce her sexual organ, fingers or other objects in the intimate region without the consent of the victim. Other characteristics of sexual abuse are when the victim:

    You do not have the ability to consider the act as an assault, because you are a child and not old enough to understand what is happening;
    You suffer from any physical deficiency or mental illness;
    You are under the influence of alcohol or have used drugs that make you unconscious and can stop the act.

Other forms of sexual abuse are when one person forces another to caress her genitals or to witness conversations with sexual content, to see sexual acts, to watch pornography or obscene spectacles. Taking videos or taking photographs of the naked victim to show others is also considered as another type of sexual abuse.

The main victims of these abuses are women, homosexuals, adolescents and children, however, it does not mean that men cannot suffer from sexual abuse.
Sexual abuse: what it is, how to identify it and what to do
How to identify if there was sexual abuse

The victim who was apparently sexually abused may have no physical injury, however most have the following signs and symptoms:

    Change in behavior, as occurs when a person who was extrovert becomes very shy;
    Run away from social contact and prefer to be alone;
    Easy crying, sadness, loneliness, anguish and anxiety. See how to control anxiety;
    When the victim is a child, they can get sick or run away from contact with others;
    Swelling, redness, laceration or fissures in the intimate parts;
    Hymen breakage in girls and women who were virgins;
    Loss of control to urinate and defecate due to emotional factors or weakening of the muscles of this region as a result of rape;
    Anal or vaginal itching, pain, or discharge;
    Purple marks on the body and also on the private parts;
    Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

In addition to this, girls or women can become pregnant, being a case to resort to abortion legally in some Latin American countries where it is allowed, since not all countries are considered legal for this type of situation.

In countries where it is legal, in order to verify abuse and to have the right to abortion, the victim must go to the police and report what happened. As a rule, an empowered woman should carefully observe the victim's body for signs of assault, rape, and, if necessary, perform a specific examination to identify the presence of secretions or sperm from the victim's body.

It is recommended that the victim does not take a bath and does not wash the intimate region before going to the police, so that secretions, hairs, hair or traces of nails that may serve as evidence to find and incriminate the aggressor are not lost.

How to deal with sexual abuse

In order to deal with the consequences of sexual abuse, the victim must be supported by the closest people she trusts, such as family or friends, to recover emotionally and go to the police up to 48 hours later to file the complaint of the happened. Following this step is very important so that the abuser can be found and judged, preventing the abuse from happening again with the same person or with others.

Initially, the raped person must be under medical observation to perform exams that can identify injuries, STDs or a possible pregnancy, and the use of medications to treat these situations may be necessary, as well as painkillers and antidepressants that can keep the victim calm so that they can can recover.

In addition to this, the emotional trauma caused by the abuse must be treated with the help of a psychologist or a psychiatrist, since the act leaves sequels of mistrust, sadness and other consequences that harm the person's life in every way.

Physical and emotional consequences of rape

The victim always feels guilty about the rape and it is common for there to be feelings like "Why did I go out with him?" or "Why did I let him get close to me?" However, even though the victim feels guilty, it is not so, it is not her fault, but the aggressor's.
After the act, the victim may have deep marks, it being common for them to have frequent and repetitive nightmares, low self-esteem, fears, phobias, mistrust, difficulty relating to other people, difficulty eating with disorders such as anorexia or bulimia, increased tendency to use drugs to run away from reality and not go through suffering, suicide attempts, hyperactivity, aggressiveness, poor school performance, compulsive masturbation that can hurt the genitals, antisocial behavior, hypochondria, depression, difficulty expressing feelings and relating with their parents, siblings, children and friends.
How to deal with trauma caused by abuse

The victim should be supported by family and friends, and should not avoid going to school or work until he has recovered both physically and emotionally.

In the first phase of recovery, with the help of a psychologist, the victim should be encouraged to acknowledge their feelings and the consequences of rape such as infection with the HIV virus or an unwanted pregnancy.

Two other strategies that may be indicated by the doctor to deal with the consequences of a rape are:

1. Tranquilizer medications for better sleep

The use of painkillers and antidepressants such as Alprazolam and Fluoxetine, may be indicated by the doctor or psychiatrist to be used for a few months so that the person calms down and gets to sleep and have a restful sleep. These medications can be used for long periods of time until the person feels better and keeps emotions in check, even without them.
2. Techniques to increase self-esteem

The psychologist may indicate the use of certain techniques such as: looking in the mirror and saying praise, positive words and words of support to himself, to help overcome the trauma. In addition to that, other techniques can be used to increase self-esteem and psychotherapeutic treatment so that the victim can fully recover, although this is a long process that can take decades to achieve.

What can drive a person to sexually abuse

It can be difficult trying to understand what is going on in the mind of the abuser, but sexual abuse can originate from a psychological outbreak and other factors such as:

    Trauma or injury to the anterior brain region, an area that controls sex drives;
    Use of drugs that damage the brain and emerge sexual and aggressive impulses, in addition to impeding the ability to make morally correct decisions;
    Mental illnesses that make the aggressor not see the act as an act of abuse, nor feel guilty for the acts committed;
    Having been the victim of sexual abuse throughout life and having a confusing sex life, far from normal.

However, it is necessary to highlight that none of these factors justify such aggression and every aggressor should be penalized.

In various countries and cultures the penalties range from stoning, castration, and death. There are currently bills that try to increase the sentence for aggressors, increasing prison time and also the implementation of chemical castration, which consists of the use of drugs that dramatically decrease testosterone, preventing erection and making sexual intercourse impossible. for a period of up to 15 years.

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